Identification and Registration are the inseparable elements that enable Dog Traceability. In combination with veterinary care and education, Dog Traceability is the key element to guarantee responsible ownership and to avoid zoonoses.
Established in 2004, the so-called EU Pet Passport Regulation has brought in the mandatory identification of all dogs, cats and ferrets moving into the EU, but unfortunately no mandatory registration. Up to now, therefore, registration has been a national issue, and there is no real EU dog traceability mechanism.
While in some countries a workable national database has been established (e.g. Belgium, France), in some other countries, several non-compatible databases exist, permitting no real traceability (e.g. Spain). Despite the EU dog registration deficiency, some private initiatives have tried to establish a European Database, or more precisely a system enabling access to the data registered at the national level. The most effective one is EuroPetNet.